Notice of the General Office of the Ministry of Agriculture on Printing and Distributing the Guiding Opinions on Prevention and Control of Common Diseases of Cattle and Sheep (Trial)
In order to conscientiously implement the “National Medium- and Long-Term Animal Epidemic Prevention Plan （2012-2020）”， effectively prevent and control the common epidemic diseases of cattle and sheep, promote the sustained and healthy development of the cattle and sheep breeding industry, and guarantee the effective supply of beef and mutton, the Ministry of Science of our organization Formulated guidance on the prevention and control of common diseases of cattle and sheep （Trial）。 Now it is printed and distributed to you, ask the localities to combine the actual situation, strengthen technical guidance and services, and do a good job in prevention and control of common epidemics of cattle and sheep.
Ministry of Agriculture General Office
March 19, 2014
Technical guidance on prevention and control of common diseases of cattle and sheep （Trial）
I. Main pathogens and epidemic features
（I） Major pathogens
Brucellosis, bovine tuberculosis, anthrax, hydatidosis （echinococcosis）， sheep and goat pox, bluetongue, hepatic schistosomiasis and other parasitic diseases, sheep epidemic disease, lamb dysentery, bovine epidemic fever, Pre-gastric relaxation, gastroenteritis and so on.
（II） Popular features
The first is the greater harm, cattle and sheep diseases directly affect the production performance, affect the trade of beef and mutton products, causing serious losses to the animal husbandry production and economy. Brucellosis and other zoonosis also directly affect human health and social stability. Second, the regional nature is obvious. There are many pathogens of cattle and sheep disease in China, but the key diseases in each region are different. The third is that many diseases occur year-round, most diseases do not have obvious seasonality, but they are susceptible to disease when the temperature is low, and the disease is mainly transmitted through direct contact. Diseased cattle and sheep are the main source of infection.
Second, prevention and control measures
（I） Feeding management
Comprehensively strengthen feeding management and adopt comprehensive measures to effectively reduce the occurrence of cattle and sheep diseases. We will promote the scale, intensification, and standardization of cattle and sheep breeding, and adopt a moderate scale of aquaculture. We will fully consider environmental carrying capacity and the risk of disease, and promote healthy breeding methods. It is necessary to maintain the cleanliness of housing, ventilation and heat preservation; pay attention to the deployment of feed, prevent the use of moldy feed, and ensure the cleanliness of animal drinking water; implement anti-mosquito and flies-proof measures; farms should not breed other animals; establish strict biological The safety management system, closed breeding, aliens, vehicles, etc. shall not enter the farm arbitrarily and raise the level of bio-safety.
（b） Immune repellents
All localities work together with the local community to formulate an immunization plan or implementation plan to immunize against brucellosis, goat pox and other diseases. Do a good job of immunization records, conduct regular monitoring of the immune effects, and timely supplement the immune antibodies that do not meet the standards. In the area of ??hydatid disease, the dogs were dewormed. In areas where the parasite is endemic, drugs, such as oral medicines, injections, and medicinal baths, should be used to remove insects.
（c） symptomatic treatment
Diseased animals such as brucellosis, bluetongue, and sheeppox should be culled and not treated. Other epidemics may carry out symptomatic treatment, slow down or eliminate certain serious symptoms, regulate and restore the physiological function of the cattle and sheep's body, strengthen nursing, keep quiet, and minimize the frequency of diagnosis and treatment so as not to disturb the diseased animals. Antimicrobial therapy can be used for bacterial acute infectious diseases. Chemotherapy can be used for parasitic diseases and some bacterial infections, and secondary infections can be prevented. Focus on strengthening the supervision of drug safety in farms, establishing a sound drug record system, strictly implementing the drug withdrawal period and prescription drug system, and using drugs safely under the guidance of veterinarians.
（D） Disinfection source
Establish a regular disinfection system and select suitable broad-spectrum, high-efficiency, and low-toxicity disinfectants for disinfection. In and out personnel can take ultraviolet, spray disinfection, foot disinfection pad disinfection or disinfection pool, hand-washing disinfection pots and other methods; into the vehicle before the first flush completely disinfected; instrument tools can be spray disinfection, high pressure cooking, fumigation and other methods. The disinfection of the pens must first clean and remove the dirt, often changing the type of disinfectant, and use them alternately. Protect personnel at the time of disinfection to reduce the stimulation to the staff.
（5） Epidemic monitoring report
Animal disease prevention and control institutions at all levels shall, in accordance with the requirements of the National Animal Epidemic Disease Surveillance and Epidemiological Investigation Plan, earnestly carry out monitoring and epidemiological surveys of relevant cattle and sheep diseases, and timely submit monitoring results in accordance with regulations. Scientific analysis of monitoring results to strengthen early warning and forecasting of the outbreak. If a breeder or operator finds that the cattle and sheep have symptoms of infectious diseases, they should promptly report to the local veterinary department. No unit or individual may delay, report or report animal epidemics for any reason.
（VI） Quarantine supervision
For trans-provincial transportation and milk cattle and sheep, risk assessment should be carried out in advance and reported and approved in accordance with stipulated procedures. After quarantine, they can be transported after adjustment, and strengthen supervision. In particular, quarantine and supervision of semen and embryos should be strengthened. The animal health supervision and inspection station shall strictly inspect and verify the inspection according to regulations, and the legally transferred animals shall be reared in groups after the quarantine period expires. Strengthen the supervision of cattle and sheep trading markets and slaughterhouses to prevent the spread of the disease.
（seven） disease purification
Combining with the actual situation in the locality, formulate a plan for the purification of diseases and diseases, and strictly eliminate the culling and culling of cattle and sheep in accordance with the state's relevant technical specifications and treatment procedures. The focus is on the cattle and sheep of the breeding bull station, breeding cattle farm and breeding sheep farm. Carry out purification work on corresponding epidemics and encourage qualified cattle and sheep farms to carry out the purification of epidemics.
（8） Harmless treatment
Infected animals carry a large number of pathogens and the risk of spreading the disease is high. Farmers must actively cooperate with animal husbandry and veterinary authorities at all levels to cull cows and sheep infected with brucellosis, bluetongue, and sheeppox according to regulations; under the supervision of local animal health supervision agencies, Diseased cattle and sheep carcasses, fluid products, stillbirths, contaminated forage materials, etc. are harmlessly treated. Severely investigated and arbitrarily abandon the death of cattle and sheep, trafficking in the processing of dead cattle and sheep.
（9） Publicity and training
We must conscientiously summarize good practices in the prevention and control of cattle and sheep diseases, conduct regular technical training for veterinary workers and animal husbandry personnel, increase the popularization of relevant laws and regulations, and publicize the safety use knowledge of veterinary drugs, and improve the independent prevention of diseases by farmers. Consciousness, enhance prevention and control capabilities and levels.